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Кратка история на японския кеч


nWoHulkster

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Аз всичко си знам от тези нещa, но реших, че на вас може да ви е интересно да прочете за еднa от трите големи сили в кеча (другите две са САЩ & Мексико). Това е кратка история на кеча в Япония, като единствената ми забележка е, че за кризата в момента има и още много причини освен изброените :). Като изключим това, много добра статия! Едва ли сте наясно много, но сега кеча в Япония като индустрия е много по-интересен отколкото където и да е било другаде по света. В САЩ напоследък се наблюдава малко раздвидждане в индустрията около TNA & ROH, но като цяло още си е скучен монопол. Докато в Япония борбата е по-ужесточена от всякога: NJPW, NOAH, AJPW, HUSTLE, ZERO-ONE MAX, DG, WRESTLE-1/BIG MOUTH, абе просто не мога да ви обясня каква конкуренция пада там сега. Адски заплетена ситуация и ми е страшно интересно как ще се развие, особено след като Винс почти погуби кеч индустрията в САЩ през 2001.

A Brief History of Japanese Pro Wrestling

To make a long story short...

Rikidozan was a sumo wrestler. He ended up becoming a professional wrestler. Rikidozan brought professional wrestling to Japan in 1953, founding the JWA (Japan Pro Wrestling Alliance, or just Nihon Puroresu).

Rikidozan became a mega star in his time. People crowded in the streets to look through department store windows to watch his famous matches against Lou Thesz and The Destroyer.

Rikidozan had problems with the Yakuza however. At the end 1963, he was stabbed by a mafia man and died several days later as a result at age 39.

JWA would stay alive for 10 more years, without Rikidozan, until it finally folded in 1974.

The two big stars in the last days of the JWA were Giant Baba and Antonio Inoki.

Baba started All Japan Pro Wrestling; Inoki started New Japan Pro Wrestling, with each as the defenitive top stars of their respective promotions.

The 80s saw guys like Jumbo Tsuruta and Genichiro Tenryu emerge in All Japan, while Riki Choshu and Tatsumi Fujinami became big stars in New Japan. Baba had largely stepped aside as a main eventer, while Inoki still remained on top of the cards he wrestled on for most of the decade.

By the beginning of the 90s, Tenryu had left All Japan, Choshu went to All Japan and cameback to New Japan. Akira Maeda left New Japan to form UWF, cameback, and left again to start another UWF.

The 90s saw Mitsuharu Misawa, Toshiaki Kawada, Kenta Kobashi and Akira Taue become major stars. New Japan established "the three muskateers," Shinya Hashimoto, Keiji Muto and Masahiro Chono. Business in the mid-90s was hot for both companies. All Japan was kicking ass at the Budokan. But New Japan was doing bigger business, with big matches in the Tokyo Dome a couple times a year.

In 1999, Giant Baba passed away. His wife, Motoko was left to run the company with Misawa as booker. The wrestlers could only stand Mrs. Baba for so long before they had to walk out. In 2000, every Japanese wrestler except for Kawada and Masanobu Fuchi (an older mid-carder) left to form NOAH. All Japan looked like it would go out of business soon. To try to salvage the company, Mrs. Baba brought back Genichiro Tenryu to All Japan, who Giant Baba had sworn would never be allowed back in the company.

New Japan's business was also really cooling off. All Japan and New Japan worked out an interpromotional program. The first big match was Kawada vs. Kensuke Sasaki (IWGP champion at the time) in the Tokyo Dome. All Japan vs. New Japan was a big deal and did good business for a while.

By this time, NOAH had started doing shows, with Misawa positioning Kobashi and Jun Akiyama as the top guys, although Misawa himself was still the biggest star. But Kobashi's knees were obliterated. He wrestled what many thought might be his last match, against Akiyama at the end of December and took off to have double knee surgery. He wouldn't wrestle again for 14 months.

In 2001, Shinya Hashimoto had left New Japan to form ZERO-ONE.

All Japan managed to stay alive by getting Keiji Muto to work the main events of their big shows. He ended up winning the Triple Crown from Tenryu. By the end of the year, Muto decided he loved it in All Japan and quit New Japan when his contract expired. He took Satoshi Kojima with him and almost got Hiroyoshi Tenzan to go too. Muto would end up becoming president of All Japan by the end of 2002, as Mrs. Baba left the company. It seemed Tenryu also wanted the company. He lost out and ended up leaving All Japan.

Riki Choshu quit New Japan in the spring of 2002. He ended up starting WJ in 2003, built on a bunch of Choshu vs. Tenryu matches. The company went out of business pretty quickly.

With Muto, Hashimoto and Kojima, who was being built to be a future top star, all gone, New Japan's business really started to slide. Yuji Nagata was made champion for over a year from 2002 to 2003, but his credibility had really been killed when got destroyed in a shoot by Mirko CroCop on New Years Eve 2001.

Kensuke Sasaki quit New Japan in late 2002. Another main eventer was gone.

In 2003, New Japan built around Nagata, freelancer Yoshihiro Takayama (NOAH regular, who was made a star in a crazy shoot with Don Frye) and Hiroyoshi Tenzan. Masahiro Chono was still the company's biggest regular star. Business didn't get any better.

Hashimoto's ZERO-ONE was doing all right for what it was and had started an interpromotional program with Muto's All Japan. But Hashimoto's injuries started really piling up. He forced himself to wrestle through them, because he knew the company would quickly die without him. When Hashimoto finally had no choice but to take time off and put his body back together, he ended up being out for a long time and ZERO-ONE tumbled in his absence. ZERO-ONE MAX was formed by Shinjiro Otani as a result. Sadly, Hashimoto passed away this year before he could return.

All Japan is still alive, though, unrecognizable to the promotion it was under Baba. Muto and Kojima as Triple Crown champion are the top guys they've got left. Kawada ended up leaving the promotion as a regular, becoming a freelancer. He did the big match against Misawa this year for NOAH's Dome show.

NOAH is the strongest promotion, business wise. Usually work-wise too. Kobashi returned in 2003, became champion in a huge match over Misawa and carried the company. Today, Takeshi Rikio is their champion and no one believes it. Kobashi, Misawa and Akiyama are their biggest stars.

New Japan is not nearly the hot promotion in once was. It`s still the most popular promotion in Japan though. Since 2004, they began to establish Hiroshi Tanahashi, Katsuyori Shibata and Shinsuke Nakamura as the new generation of stars. Shibata ended up leaving the company.

Business in Japan was bound to start to weaken at the end of the 90s, just due to the fact all the top guys had been top guys since the beginning of the decade. But probably due to problems with Inoki, a lot of important guys left and New Japan got basically divided up into three parts: New Japan, All Japan and ZERO-ONE, even WJ while that lasted. NOAH is able to do decent business and one well-drawing Tokyo Dome show a year because they are the least divided. Basically All Japan has become NOAH and New Japan has become two or three different companies.

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Интересна история. Започнали са с една федерация, а после на колко са се разпаднали направо не е истина. То с толкова федерации в Япония в момента, положението няма как да на е напрегнато и конкуренцията да не убийствена.

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Дам и точно това разпадане много лошо се отразява на бизнеса, въпреки че предизвиква голяма конкуренция. Няма достатъчно големи звезди, за да може всички федерации да привличат по-големи публики. Но нещото, което най-много ме радва, че всяка федерация е напълно различна от другите, докато в САЩ например повечето федерации имат горе-долу еднакъв стил. Гледай обаче какво става в Япония:

NJPW - NJPW си е NJPW. Те си имат собствен стил.

NOAH - класически стил

AJPW - силно американизиран стил

HUSTLE - изцяло амаериканизиран стил с акцента върху комедия

ZERO-ONE MAX - подобна на NJPW с няколко особености и аз лично я намирам напълно излишна. Много се надявам да фалира и кечистите и да се пръснат по-другите федерации... :)

Dragon Gate - федерация изцяло базирана на cruiserweight кеч и с елементи на комедия

WRESTLE-1 - федерация със слаби мачове като цяло, но с много големи звезди.

BIG MOUTH LOUD - федерация смесица от MMA/Wrestling

BJPW - хардкор

Точно това ми харесва - че разнообразието е огромно в Япония - повече, от която и да е друга държава в света. Освен гореизброените има и други горе-долу известни федерации, но те не са толкова силни на този етап:

Joshi - женския кеч в момента е в лека криза след ОГРОМНИЯ си бум през 80-те и 90-те. Има няколко федерации, но не са чак толкова силни

Osaka Pro - комедийнна федерация, само че за разлика от Hustle не е американизирана

DDT - комедийна, но със съвсем различен хумор от другите федерации

Michinoku Pro - лека дивизия и малко хумор

Абе просто не е истина какво разнообразие има. Е, през 90-те е било по-забавно, защото хем е имало разнообразие, хем отделните стилове са били много по-популярни. Накратко: обожавам японския кеч и огромното му разнообразие. :)

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За Рикидозан и това че е популяризирал кеча в Япония знаех.Аз съм тренирал карате шотокан -не знам дали знаеш но въпросния Рикидозан е бил ученик на съдателя на стила шотокан Гичин Фунакоши и прословутия му" Карате чоп"си е един неправилно изпълнен удар шуто учи.

Рикидозан нарочно изпълнява удара с по-голяма амплитуда за да иглежда по зрелищно-при правилно изпълнение с максимално киме може да се убие човек на място или да му се нанесат тежки травми.

За проблемите му с Якудза от теб чух и ми стана интересно.

А сетих се кой е победил в мачовете му с ЛОУ ТЕЦ?

 

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Meрси за инфото - не знаех. Знаех само, че Рикидозан е бил бивш сумист и почти йокозуна.

Ами доколкото знам имат 3 мача: победа за Thesz, равенство и победа за Rikidozan (в тази последователност).

Що се отнася до японския кеч и мафията - това съм казвал и преди де. Там преди мафията много често е прала пари чрез кеч, а кеч федерациита са имали нужда от капитал, но поради сложната кредитна система в Япония не са могли да си набавят. И така мафията навлиза в бизнеса. Слава богу, доколкото знам, тази практика на мафията вече е почти изцяло прекретена. :)

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